One of the scales widely used and quoted even today is the one developed by Kuppuswamy. The Kuppuswamy scale in its various forms has held steady over. Some of the facets of the Kuppuswamy’s socioeconomic status scale sometimes create confusion and require explanation on how to classify. Sunday Times News: The Kuppuswamy scale was proposed by Kuppuswamy in India in

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None, Conflict of Interest: How to cite this article: Modified kuppuswamy’s socioeconomic scale: Indian J Community Med ; Usually composite scales are used to measure SES, which has a combination of social and economic variables. Several ways of measuring SES have been classiifcation for categorizing different rural and urban populations in last decades.


The most widely used scale for urban populations is Kuppuswamy’s socioeconomic scale, which was devised by Kuppuswamy in Kuppuswamy scale is a composite cclassification of education and occupation of the head of the family along with monthly income of the family, which yields a score of This scale classifies the study populations into high, middle, and low SES [Table 1].

However, the income ranges in the scale lose their relevance following the depreciation in the value of the rupee. Therefore, it is needed to update the scale regularly for socioeconomic classification of study populations. In the past, Kumar [3] had tried to update Prasad Scale’s income limits using consumer price index CPI kuppuswamy a first attempt of its kind.


In this letter, we attempted to link income limits of the Kuppuswamy socioeconomic scale with CPI and revised the scale. Such linking of the scale with price index not only makes it relevant and meaningful but also provides a built in opportunity for its constant updating in future.

These price indexes entail that anything that costs Rs. The price cpassification were updated for and again in assuming them as base year As per criteria of old basethe kuppuwamy index for was updated at Therefore, we get price index of converted to new base: This means the item which costs Rs. Conversion factor for the year would be 4.

Conversion factor takes into account the increase in base price index for which it is calculated. Considering the new baseprice index for current year is used to establish new ranges of income.

A Critical Appraisal of Kuppuswamy’s Socioeconomic Status Scale in the Present Scenario

Updated conversion factor can be established using same exercise as follows: Conversion factor for the year can be achieved by dividing the price index by Educational and occupational factors need to be revised by using suitable survey methods. In today’s time with shrinking family size, best expressed with double income iuppuswamy kid syndrome; a small family with same income will enjoy an upward social mobility.


However, this exercise will provide good understanding for deciding the income group luppuswamy the scale considering the latest available CPI values. The researchers need to take classifocation of regular update of the CPI values available from Labor Bureau website before exercising socioeconomic classification of their study population in research.

Manual of Socioeconomic Status Urban1 st ed. Mishra D, Singh HP. Kuppuswamy’s socioeconomic status scale – A revision. Indian J Pediatr ; Social classification – Need for constant updating. Linking factors between new series and old Series.

Kuppuswamy’s socioeconomic status scale – Updating for Kuppuswamy’s socioeconomic status scale the need for periodic revision. Ahead of print articles.

What is the Kuppuswamy scale? – Times of India

How to cite this URL: Kuppuswamy socioeconomic scale Urban, 1 Click here to view. This article has been cited by. Prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptoms among post-partum mothers in Nepal.

Kuppusaamy adherence and its predictors in Diabetes Mellitus patients attending government hospitals in the Indian Capital, Delhi, International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries.