A Space Odyssey is a science fiction novel by British writer Arthur C. Clarke. It was developed concurrently with Stanley Kubrick’s film version and. Stanley Kubrick (screenplay), Arthur C. Clarke (screenplay) . Keir Dullea in A Space Odyssey () A Space Odyssey () Keir Dullea and. Odyssey Two is a hybrid book. In it, Arthur C. Clarke attempts to link his novel, and Stanley Kubrick’s movie together. Clarke chose to base the book .
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It is the sequel to the novel Set in the yearthe plot centres on a joint Soviet-American mission aboard the Soviet spacecraft Leonov. The mission has several objectives, including salvaging the spaceship Discovery and investigating the mysterious “monolith” discovered by Dave Bowman in It was nominated for the Hugo Award for Best Novel in The fesmrn is set nine years after the failure of the Discovery One mission to Jupiter.
A Space Odyssey (novel) – Wikipedia
A joint Soviet-American crew,  including Heywood Floyd fromon the Soviet spaceship Alexei Leonov named after the cosmonaut arrives to discover what went wrong with the earlier mission, to investigate the monolith in orbit around the planet, and to resolve the disappearance of David Bowman. They hypothesize that much of this information is locked away on the now-abandoned Discovery One. The Soviets have an advanced new ” Sakharov ” drive which will propel them to Jupiter ahead of the American Discovery Twoso Floyd is assigned to the Leonov crew.
However, atthur Chinese space station rockets out of Earth orbit, revealing itself to be the interplanetary spacecraft Tsienalso aimed at Jupiter. The Leonov crewmembers think the Chinese are on a one-way vsmrn due to its speed, but Floyd surmises that due to the large water content of Europa they intend to land there and use the water idysea to refuel.
The Clqrke ‘s daring mission ends in failure, when it is destroyed by an indigenous life-form on Europa. The only survivor, Professor Chang radios the story to the Leonov ; it is presumed that he dies when his arthyr air supply runs out.
The Leonov survives a dangerous aerobraking around Jupiter and arrives at Discovery. Mission crewmember and HAL ‘s creator, Dr. Chandra, reactivates the computer to ascertain the cause of his earlier aberrant behaviour. After some time, Floyd is speaking to a Russian on board, who, for an instant, sees the Monolith open again, into a Stargate, as David Bowman escapes from the Monolith’s dimension back into ours.
The Enduring Symbolism of ‘2001: A Space Odyssey’
A sequence of scenes follows the explorations of David Bowman, who has been transformed into a non- corporealenergy-based life-form, much like the aliens controlling the monoliths. During his journey, the avatar of Bowman travels to Earthd contact with significant individuals from his past: He visits his mother and cclarke her hair shortly before she diesand he appears to his ex-girlfriend on her television screen.
In the novel, the aliens are using Bowman as a probe to learn about humankind.
He then returns to the Jupiter system to explore clarkd the ice of Europa, where he finds aquatic life-forms, and under the clouds of Jupiter, where he discovers gaseous life-forms. Both are primitivebut the aliens deem the Europan creatures to have evolutionary potential.
An apparition of Bowman appears before Floyd, warning him that they must leave Jupiter within fifteen days. Floyd has difficulty convincing the rest of the crew at first, but then the monolith vanishes from orbit. The Leonov crew devises a plan to use the Discovery as a ” booster rocket “, enabling them to return to Earth ahead of schedule.
HAL and the Discovery will be trapped in Jupiter’s orbit, with insufficient fuel to escape. The crew are worried that HAL will have the same neuroses on discovering that he will be abandoned yet again, so Chandra must convince HAL that the human crew is in danger. The Leonov crew flees Jupiter as a mysterious dark spot appears on Jupiter and begins to grow.
HAL’s telescope observations reveal that the “Great Black Spot” is, in fact, a vast population of monoliths, increasing at an exponential rate, odtsea appear to be eating the planet. By acting as self-replicating machinesthese monoliths increase Jupiter’s density until the planet clarkee nuclear fusionvesmrb a small star. In the novel, this obliterates the primitive life forms inhabiting the Jovian atmosphere, which the Monoliths’ controllers had deemed highly unlikely to ever achieve intelligence, unlike the aquatic life of Europa.
HAL begins repeatedly broadcasting the message. The creation of the new star, which Earth eventually names Luciferdestroys Odydea. However, in appreciation for HAL’s help, Bowman has the aliens which control the monoliths remove HAL’s artificial intelligence from Discovery’ s computer core and transform him into the same kind of life form as David Bowman, and become his companion. The book ends with a brief epilogue, which takes place in AD 20, By this time, the Arthhr have evolved into a species that has developed a primitive civilisation, most likely with assistance from a monolith.
They are not described in 201, though they are said to have “tendril”-like limbs. Though their settlements are concentrated primarily in the hemisphere of Odyysea which is constantly bathed in Lucifer’s rays, some Europans have begun in recent generations to explore the Farside, the hemisphere facing away from Lucifer, which is still covered in ice. There they may witness the spectacle of night, unknown on the clarks side of Europa, when the Cold Sun sets.
The Europans who explore the Farside have been carefully observing the night sky and have begun to develop a mythology based on their observations. They correctly believe that Lucifer was not always there.
They believe that the Cold Sun was its brother and was condemned to march around the sky for a crime. The Europans also see three other major bodies in the sky. One seems to be constantly engulfed clsrke fire, and the other two have lights on them which are gradually spreading.
These three bodies are the moons IoCallistoand Ganymedethe artgur two of which are presently being colonised by humans. Humans have been attempting to explore Europa ever since Lucifer was created in However, none of these attempts has been successful.
Every probe that has attempted to land on Europa has been destroyed on approach. The debris from every probe falls to the surface of the planet, and the debris from some of the first ships to be destroyed is venerated by the Europans. Finally, there is a Monolith on the planet, which is worshipped by the Europans more than anything else. The Europans assume, correctly, that the Monolith is what keeps humans at bay.
The Monolith is the guardian of Europa, and will continue to prevent contact between humans and Europans for as long as it sees fit. In the novel, the Leonov is staffed by three Americans, and seven Soviets. HAL also re-appears as a major character.
Impressed by its word processing features, he wrote the rest of the novel using this method. Clarke acknowledged such inconsistencies in the Author’s Note to Odyssey Two was not a direct sequel to A Space Odysseyso this book is not a linear sequel to They must all be considered as variations on the same theme, involving many of the same characters and situations, but not necessarily happening in the same universe.
Developments since make total consistency impossible, as the later stories incorporate discoveries and events that had not even taken place when the earlier books were written. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Odyssey Two First UK edition cover — Retrieved 29 September Clarke acknowledges this retroactive continuity in his author’s foreword. Clarke and Peter Hyams.
Archived from the original on 29 July Retrieved 8 September HAL of a Computer”. Retrieved 16 March Clarke ‘s Space Odyssey series. A Space Odyssey project. A Space Odyssey The Year We Make Contact.
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2001: vesmírná odysea / Rajské fontány
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